When we talk about cars a picture comes to our mind of a steel body and aerodynamic design with a loud roaring engine and it is true because for a long time we haven’t seen any changes in this industry. But life’s about changes and new things with new challenges. The first step after IC Engines in the industry of automobiles was Motors. Around 1832, Robert Anderson built up the main unrefined electric vehicle. However, it isn’t until the 1870s or later that electric vehicles came down to earth.
You might think that why there is a huge gap and why motors in vehicles have not evolved since then.
It was always about high speed, power, and an available source, but no one thought that this would have an end like this.
If we have a look about one or two decades back we will see that people are able to enlighten their minds and ideas in the field of ELECTRIC VEHICLE.
Further in the article, you will be able to learn how electric Vehicles are beneficial for us. The following are the contents :
- Why Electric Vehicles (EVs) are healthy for the environment.
- How EVs are economical to the owner.
- Energy Security.
We might see this concept still doubtful because we still haven’t seen it and are able to generate a big market for it but surely by 2030 we will see an immense rise in this industry. Now let us talk about a bit more technological things.
1. Why Electric Vehicles (EVs) are healthy for environment.
Let us have a closer look at what is the impact of current technology on the environment.
The main and the most important fact is that IC engines run on fuels which are fossil fuels and a study says that if we use fossil fuels at the same rate as of now then it will replenish by 2056 because it takes a cycle of hundreds of year to get back, and if we look on the impact on the environment by a study about 27% of the total air pollution is caused by cars and vehicles and this have become a serious issue because of all the harmful gases (Hydrocarbons, Carbon monoxide, NOX, Formaldehyde, Sulfur Dioxide)
2. How EVs are economical to the owner.
Everyone has a question in their mind that why should we invest a huge amount of money in a thing if the work can be done with less amount.
If we look at the current value of some electric vehicles in India the price is too high because of less availability but we never look on the other side that these help us to get a healthy environment and they are way too economical than normal IC engine vehicles in long run.
Let us have a closer look at one of the example and practical knowledge that how much does an electric vehicle costs. We will take the example of Hyundai KONA Electric. The average cost of this vehicle is about 24 lakhs and now if we look at some specification of it:
- It uses a 100kW Electric Motor
- 64kWh Lithium-ion Battery
- max speed of 167 km/hr.
- 490km range on a full charge.
- charging speed in slow charging (10hrs 30 min) and in fast charging (42 min to charge 80%)
Now let us find out how much does charging the battery cost and how much we have to pay for 100km.
If we take the given example the battery used is 64kWh and the average price of electricity in India is about 6 Rs and the average cost to charge this battery is about 380 Rs and it can give a range of 490 km so it takes about 90 Rs to run a 100 km range. (All these calculations might not be precise but they give an estimation, taking in consideration 75-80 % efficiency of charging and losses) on the other hand, if we look for an IC engine for the same trip distance with a fuel efficiency of 19kmper liters and fuel price nearly 1 dollar or 75 Rs, the cost comes out to be approx 390 RS.
This might help you to get an idea that how efficient an electric vehicle is to your pocket. So, you can charge a battery once and can drive for a week without refiling. At the same time, you can install a charging port in your house which will let you charge your vehicle when it is at rest. Once a wise man said that invest in the things which give you profit in the future, not in one which becomes a liability.
An electric vehicle gives you a warranty for the battery pack too for a huge amount of range as they know how effective it is.
3. Energy Security.
What this means is how an Electric Vehicle and be healthy and energy-efficient.
The whole revolution of switching from fuel engines to the electric motor was to work on the idea of a green energy vehicle. If we ride a complete battery vehicle the emission is nearly Zero and if we go for HEVs, FCEVs then emissions at a very low level are seen as compared to engines.
An EV uses Electricity to charge and they are way safer than other pumping stations as n numbers of measures are to be taken there to avoid any miss happenings.
If we talk about the CO2 production is zero while driving an EV and it saves an average of 1.5 million grams of CO2. In comparison to other vehicles around us, EVs give us pollution-free roads and cities.
By a study and by the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICTT) it is said that when a battery is manufactured and when mining is done for the resources a ton of pollution is done, but with advancing technology and fast-growing ideas we are reducing the pollution rate for the manufacturing if the batteries and further looking for reusable batteries as an option.
Electric vehicles as they right now stand are far less contaminating than their burning motor partners. As the innovation turns out to be more standard, it is probably going to turn out to be significantly increasingly proficient and supportable. Economies of scale will profit EVs producing by giving a better foundation, increasingly proficient assembling methods, reusing alternatives, and lessen the requirement for the mining of new materials. EVs are looking forward to a bright future which will lead to fewer emissions in greenhouse gases, and less ozone layer depletion too.
Also, read why DC chargers are faster than AC chargers on evonradar.